Videoecology is a new scientific direction deals with ecology of visual environment and a beauty
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The concept on automaticity of saccades is the basis of videoecology.
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Theoretical and practical problems of videoecology are worked out in Moscow centre "Videoecology"
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The full concept of saccades automaticity is set out in V.A.Filin's monographs "Videoecology", in Russian (3 editions) and in English and "Automaticity of saccades", in Russian
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Main page --> Automaticity of saccades --> How do we see by random saccades?

While analyzing distribution of intervals between saccades one can see that this process obeys to Pausson law of distribution. And this as known, means that the process of saccadic movement is incidental. A question emerges: How can a person see the area by irregular saccades?

Evidently it is possible due to the fact that the number of saccades is great. As a rule saccades happen every 0,2-0,6 sec and only in some cases the intervals make up 3 sec. In that time there happen no essential changes in the environment. In extreme cases the number of saccades can increase as it happens with a driver who gets in a traffic jam.

To understand the meaning of irregular incoming afferent impulses one can turn to theoretical conception of I. Prigozshin, an outstanding expert on "irregular processes". According to his concept irregular processes have great advantages over regular ones. Just irregular processes have the ability to generate new qualitative properties unlike regular processes. Hence we can state that irregular saccadic movements originate new qualities in the very process of visual perception. One important point can be already stressed: this is a "antimonopoly mechanism" of saccades. Just irregular saccades can prevent the integration of nervous cells into large formations and in that way to prevent epileptic seizures whereas regular saccades could create rhythmic afferent signals that in its turn could contribute to the process of integration and creation a critical situation i.e. epileptic seizure.

The existence of a definite time domain necessary for realization of this or that neurophysiological processes (duration of microact, time for decision making, time for neurons release, duration of afterimage) has led many investigators to the idea of cyclic visual perception. Data about saccadic suppression of perception (Steinman R.M., Collwijn H. 1980) confirmed that idea: a human can well see only in the interval between saccades. At the moment of the saccade inhibition of a visual process comes. In other words, we see discretely or cyclically. A permanent mechanism of recurrence is a saccadic automaticity.

The attempts to connect the cyclic perception with eye movement were made before (Pavlov I.P., 1949; PodviginN.F., Makarov F.N., Shelepin Yu.E., 1979) but the conception of deterministic nature of saccadic eye movement always prevailed. In that case recurrence could "work" only from time to time when a chance turns up. It could have been absolutely unreliable mechanism of cyclicity. Saccadic automaticity and winking automaticity split up a permanent sensation on a number of separate acts in order, as I.M.Sechenov said, "to combine separate moments of sensation with each other in a single whole". Taking into account the concept of saccadic automaticity the idea of cyclic visual perception becomes perfect. There are grounds to state that winking automaticity also contributes to cyclic visual perception.

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Videoecology Videoecology is the science of interaction between a human being and visual environment
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Doctor of biology, academician of International Academy of sciences Vasiliy A. Filin is the founder of the videoecology as a science .
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Visual environment is all we perceive by organ of vision, in other words it is all we look at by our eyes
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