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Visual environment. Homogeneous visual field
Homogeneous fields surround a human being not only on city streets - there are enough
of them both at home and at work. They are started from a smooth entrance door, followed
by polished walls and ended with kitchen furniture coated with plain plastic material
(Fig. 20). When looking at such smooth surfaces, an eye still cannot "catch on" anything
after saccade as if it is within disoriented environment. It is easy to imagine a harm
hurt by homogeneous environment. The matter is that within 16 hours, when one is awake,
our eye performs 57600-115200 saccades (on the basis of 1-2 saccades per second).
Accordingly, their number will amount to 21-42 million per annum. That means that for
million times our eye faces troubles in searching just any element on the polished
surface and has to work wastefully. This way polished walls and closets of our
apartment produce an effect upon our eyes. With such furniture available in our
apartment, other decorations which could compensate for homogeneous unnatural
environment should be in sufficient number.
Interests of industrial enterprises pose another problem to videoecology. For instance,
in the electronic industry the increased demands to cleanliness and hermetic areas resulted
in abundance of homogeneous visual fields. They are created here by using glass, plastic
materials, metal, chipboard, layers, linoleum in great quantities. Appearance of workers
adds to such homogeneity. In one workshop I happened to see women-riggers wearing white
warehouse coats, white caps and white gloves. A ceiling and tiles walls added to general
whiteness. Living in the capital and working at an enterprise of the Ministry of electronic
industry, women-riggers found themselves under conditions close to polar ones. As a survey
conducted with women-riggers showed, 80% of them everyday leave for home having a headache (S.N.Nikolaeva, 1992).
No doubt, surrounding visible environment is faulty in this among other factors.
Unfortunately, millions of workers have to work under such conditions for years.
Spatio-objective arrangement of premises and adjacent areas should be organized not only
on the basis of pedagogical content-richness and practicability but also visual perception
considered. Visual environment in children's institutions should contain sufficient diversity
of visual elements. In such environment an eye can work in its native mode, and it will be
easy for a child to stay there.